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Moroccan Politics and Government

Here you will find what we believe is the most comprehensive look at Moroccan politics and government available on the internet.


1. Summary of Moroccan Structure of Government (below)


Summary of Moroccan Structure of Government

Basic Principles:

  • democratic, social and constitutional monarchy
  • people shall have the power to vote
  • there shall be no one-party system
  • the law shall rule over all
  • All Moroccan citizens are equal before the law
    • Men and women shall enjoy equal political rights
  • Any citizen is eligible to vote provided
    • They are 18 years and older
    • They must register to vote
    • They have not been
      • Convicted to prison
      • Had their voting rights removed by court
      • Bankrupt 
      • In Contempt
      • Legally prohibited
      • Sentenced to national degridation
  • Islam is the state religion and the state shall guarantee freedom of worship for all.
  • The constitution guarantees
    • Freedom of movement throughout the country
    • Freedom of opinion and expression in all forms
    • Freedom of public gathering
    • Freedom to belong to any union or political group 
    • No one shall be arrested except under the procedures described by law
    • Freedom to protest
    • Freedom for private property and free enterprise
    • Some of these freedoms, when necessary can be limited by law.


  • The King is the Ruler of the Faithful
  • The King is the Defender of the Faith and shall guarantee respect for the constitution
  • The King is the Protector of the rights and liberties of the citizensKingship is hereditary
  • The King shall appoint a Prime Minister and Cabinet Members
  • The King is Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
  • The King shall appoint ambassadors to foreign nations and organizations
  • The King will preside over the Council of the Magistracy, Education, and National Restructuring and Planning.
  • The King has the power to pardon


  • Parliament is made up of two houses
  • House of Representatives
    • Members are elected to six year terms
    • The number of representatives, and eligibility requirements are dictated by organic law.
    • There shall be one elected President (Three year term) of the House of Representatives.
    • There shall be a Board as part of the House of Representatives, elected in one year terms in proportion to their party's size in the House of Representatives.
      • The Board shall prepare the agenda for the HouseHouse of Counselors
  • House of Counselors
    • Consists of members elected by the electoral college of each region and elected members of trade chambers, and members elected by the electoral college of wage-earners' representatives
    • Members are elected to 9 year terms, elections are held every three years.
    • A President of the House of Counselors and Board members shall be elected as well
    • The Board shall prepare the agenda for the House
  • The Parliament meets in 2 3 month sessions a year
  • Meetings are open to the public
  • Powers of the Parliament
    • Determine offenses and penalties, penal and civil procedures and new categories of jurisdiction
    • the statute of magistrates
    • the general statute of public offices;
    • the fundamental guarantees granted civil and military personnel;
    • the electoral system of local assemblies and councils;
    • the regulation of civil and commercial liabilities;
    • the establishment of new public agencies;
    •  the nationalization of enterprises or the transfer thereof from the public to the private sector.

The Government:

  • Made of Prime Minister and Ministers (the Cabinet)
  • Answerable to the King and to Parliament
  • Ensures the execution of the Law

Constitutional Council

  • Made of
    • 6 members appointed by the King for 9 year terms
    • + 6 other members appointed from the House of Representatives and Counselors for 9 year terms
    • + a third category of member appointed for 3 year term
    • Chairman selected by the king
  • The Council shall
    • carry out the duties prescribed to it by organic law
    • Confirm the validity of the elections of members of Parliament

Judiciary Branch

  • Independent of Legislative and Executive Branches
  • Sentences shall be passed and executed in the King's name
  • Magistrates are appointed by Royal Decree and are irremovable
  • This Branch is presided over by the King
  • It consists of
    • The Minister of Justice
    • The First President of the Supreme Court
    • The Prosecutor General of the Supreme Court
    • The President of the First Chamber of the Supreme Court
    • Two representatives elected among magistrates of the Court of Appeal
    • Four Representatives elected among magistrates of the first degree courts

Local Government

  • Local government shall be divided into
    • Regions
    • Prefectures
    • Provinces
    • Communes
    • Assemblies shall be elected at these levels to carry out the affairs in accordance to the law
    • Governors shall carry out the decisions by these various assemblies